Impact for Wildlife Habitat in Jharkhand

Project Overview

Our project aims to create a sustainable and impactful change by planting tree saplings and rejuvenating water bodies and creating trenches, while also providing art and handicraft training to support and free health checkups to tribal families in the villages situated in East Singhbhum district, Jharkhand. 

Location: State Jharkhand; Villages of East Singhbhum district

RATIONALE FOR THE PROJECT:

Enhancing Wildlife Habitat Conservation: The proposed location in Jharkhand’s East Singhbhum district is known for frequent human-elephant encounters. The project aims to address this issue by densifying the elephant corridor, creating a protected area for animals. The primary focus is on conserving wildlife habitats and mitigating conflicts between humans and elephants.

Alleviating Human-Elephant Conflict: Shrinking food resources in the forests have contributed to increased conflicts between humans and elephants. By addressing the root cause, the project seeks to alleviate this conflict. The planting of trees plays a pivotal role in providing food sources for elephants, reinstating their migration routes, and reducing crop-raiding incidents. This, in turn, helps safeguard the income of local Santhal and Munda tribal communities dependent on agriculture.

Promoting Soil Health and Moisture Retention: The plantation of trees holds immense significance in combating soil erosion and enhancing groundwater retention. Complementary to tree planting, the project integrates contour trenches and farm ponds to effectively conserve soil and moisture content. These measures control water evaporation, retain soil nutrients, and increase humidity, thereby creating an ideal micro-climate for plant growth.

Fostering Livelihood Opportunities for Rural Tribal Community: The project generates direct employment opportunities, particularly for women in rural communities, on a daily-wage basis. These opportunities span various stages of the plantation process, including raising saplings, site clearance, pit-digging, planting, and field irrigation. By actively engaging local communities, the project significantly contributes to their economic well-being and empowerment.

Empowering through Vocational Training and Skill Enhancement: To reduce migration from the villages, especially among tribal communities, the project offers vocational training and skill development programs. Emphasizing the preservation and promotion of tribal handicrafts aligns with the national vision of “Vocal for Local.” This empowers women and enables them to enhance their livelihoods and contribute to the preservation of their cultural heritage. 

Selection of Local Tree Species:

Thorough research & consultation with environmental experts and community members is done for the selection of tree species. Only local and naturalized species are chosen, considering the specific needs of the area. The selected species, such as Teak (Tectona grandis), Shisam (Dalbergia sissoo), Karanj (Pongamia pinnata), Semal (Bombax ceiba), Mahua (Madhuca longifolia), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), Mango (Mangifera indica),  Ear-leaf acacia (Acacia auriculiformis), Jamun (Syzygium cumin) are suited to the local ecosystem and contribute to the project’s objectives effectively.